What is the full form of NPCI?
The full form of NPCI is the National Payments Corporation of India. An initiative of the Reserve Bank of India, NPCI is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payment and settlement systems in India. It has been established by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Indian Bank’s Association (IBA) as a “Not for Profit” company under the provision of Section 8 of Companies Act 2013, for creating a robust physical as well as electronic payment and settlement infrastructure in India.
Ten core promoters of NPCI include State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Canara Bank, Bank of Baroda, Union Bank of India, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Bank of India, Citibank and HSBC Bank. There are many other shareholders including public sector banks, private banks, multi-state cooperative banks, regional rural banks and 1 foreign bank.
Objectives of NPCI
- To offer improved infrastructure for the entire banking industry to create a robust physical and digital payment and settlement system.
- To simplify, merge and incorporate various payment systems with varying standards of coverage into a single national standard uniform and business process for all retail money transactions.
- To design and promote an effective financing process or system that saves time and cost for individuals who make retail transactions on a daily basis.
Services of NPCI
Service portfolio of NPCI includes:
- Aadhaar Enabled Payment System
- Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS)
- Cheque Truncation System (CTS)
- Immediate Payment Service (IMPS)
- National Automated Clearing House (NACH)
- National Common Mobility Card – Rupay Contactless
- National Electronic Toll Collection
- National Financial Switch
- Unified Payment Interface (UPI)
- *99# USSD
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