Individual investors can get partial ownership in Grade-A commercial real estate with a minimum of Rs. 25 lakh investment. Yes, now everyone can own a slice of Grade-A commercial real estate property in large cities and industrial hubs, including plush office spaces, large warehouses, and glitzy skyscrapers. The concept of fractional ownership of property in India allows individual investors to get partial ownership in physical assets with a minimum of Rs. 25 lakh.
Real Estate is one of the top investment tools for NRIs in India. It can be a form of retirement abode or an asset to bind the funds in. With the historical trend of immense growth and expansion, Real Estate has carved a separate niche for NRIs. Although, we need to understand that investing in Real Estate for an NRI is different when compared to a Resident India. Let’s see how:
What properties can NRIs buy in India?
NRIs can buy both residential and commercial properties in India. However, they can not buy any Agricultural Land, Farm House or Plantation property. They can only be inherited or received as gifts.
How can NRIs invest in Real Estate in India?
NRIs can invest in the real estate properties allowed to them through the following mediums:
- Self-Transactions using:
- Funds in their NRE/NRO/FCNR (B) accounts in India
- Funds remitted to India from overseas (in own account; can’t pay to the seller directly)
- Loan Facility (in INR) in India for NRIs; up to 80% of the property value based on individual eligibility of the NRI than can be repaid through:
- Inward Remittance (money transferred into your own account from abroad)
- Funds in their NRE/NRO/FCNR (Bank) accounts in India
- Rent from the purchased property
- Close Relatives crediting the borrower’s loan account (under section 6 of the Companies Act, 1956)
Note: No payments can be made by traveller’s cheque (pre-paid, pre-printed fixed amount cheques for payments across countries) or in foreign currency notes. All payments must be made in India only.
Why invest in Real Estate in India?
NRIs prefer to invest in Real Estate in India because of the following reasons:
- Rental income: A real estate property in India can fetch a very handsome rental income if the property is set in a well established neighborhood. An important point to note here though is that the rent is liable for TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) and the tenant will deduct 31.2% of the rent as tax before sending it to you. In Spite of that, it’s a fair deal and rental income can bring in sizable profits
- Price benefits and Long term Returns: The Real Estate industry in India appreciates at a rate of 19.5% per year (CAGR 2017-18; Source: IBEF). So, the investment value will multiply exponentially with time and it can be easily labelled as a very fruitful investment. Also, The Real estate sector in India is expected to reach a market size of US$ 1 trillion by 2030 (Source: IBEF). The investment that you put in today will bring in multifold profits in the longer run
- Retirement Plan: Reverse Mortgage (A type of loan where people over 62 years of age with considerable home equity can borrow money against the value of their home as a lump sum, fixed monthly payment or line of credit.) is gearing up in India. So, NRIs can invest in property and use it as a source of income post their retirement
- Tax Exemption: NRIs, if you buy property on loan in India, you can claim an exemption on the interest you pay for your home loan (section 24). Under section 80C, you can claim an exemption on the repayment of the principal amount. Also, there are ways to save taxes on Capital Gains from selling out the property in India and much more. (For Tax Advisory: write to us at [email protected])
Taxation on Real Estate for NRI
Taxation on Real Estate is a bit complex. It can be further subdivided into rent and capital gains. Along with that, TDS on buying a property is also a very essential instrument that must be deducted and paid to the government authorities.
1. TDS while buying property: Deduct TDS as per the table below while buying property in India keeping in mind the associated conditions.
Property Bought From
|Condition||Tax deducted at source|
|Resident||50 Lakhs or above|
1% TDS of Purchase Value
20% plus surcharge and cess for long term gains and 30% plus surcharge and cess for short-term gains
2. Income from Rent: Rent from property owned by an NRI is subject to a TDS of 30% to be deducted by the tenant. The rent received after the deduction of TDS is added to the total income of the NRI and is applicable for tax according to the Tax Slab of the NRI. NRIs can also choose to pay taxes themselves and file the returns. However, there are certain deductions that must be considered: Municipal Taxes paid, standard deduction of 30% on taxable value, deduction for interest on any loan taken for the property, repayment of principal amount of home loan up to Rs.1,50,000/-.
3. Capital Gains Tax for NRI on sale of Property: The minimum holding period for long term capital gains for real estate is 2 years.
Nature of gains
|Tax Liable||Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)|
|Short Term Capital Gains||As per tax slab|
Long Term Capital Gains
20% (plus surcharge and cess) with indexation
4. Taxation on Multiple Properties: If NRI owns more than one residential property which are self-occupied, then only one of the houses will be treated as self-occupied and all others will be treated as deemed to be let out. In such cases, a notional rent is computed and offered to tax as if the property was rented out
Over the past few years, commercial real estate has become one of the most sought-after choices of investment in India owing to benefits like passive income, potential long-term appreciation and customized diversification of the investment portfolio. Founded by a team of highly skilled professionals with considerable experience in institutional real estate investing and technology, Property Share is an online commercial property listing platform that allows users to invest in pre-leased commercial properties.
Strata is a tech-enabled commercial real estate (CRE) investment platform. It is one of the top alternative investment platforms in India for retail investors who wish to invest in commercial properties. Strata pioneered the fractional ownership model in India by enabling retail investors to get partial ownership in physical assets with a minimum of Rs. 25 lakh. Let’s understand Strata Property Management in detail.
Real estate has been a very popular investment choice over the years because of the higher returns offered by it. However, investors who want to earn secondary income from rent can struggle to decide which type of real estate investment is beneficial - residential or commercial? Here is the detailed analysis of commercial vs residential real estate investment.
There are primarily two types of properties - commercial property and residential property. Residential property is a living place where houses are built for the purpose of staying in and can’t be used for commercial or industrial purposes. Commercial property, on the other hand, is exclusively used for business-related purposes or to provide a work space. Types of commercial properties include everything from a single storefront to a huge shopping center.
The Indian real estate market has always been in the wishlist of NRI investors. Real estate, especially commercial real estate, has become a reliable investment regardless of market cycles. The volume of capital that NRIs are investing in commercial real estate demonstrates its proven worth as an asset. Growing demand for office spaces, fractional ownership, tangible asset, higher rental value, etc. are the key reasons to invest in Indian CRE (commercial real estate).
Private equity investment in real estate in India has risen by 40%. According to Knight Frank India, private equity investments in real estate increased 98% to $1.18 billion during the quarter ending March and are projected to reach $6.88 billion in 2022. It increased to USD 2.8 Billion from April to September of this fiscal year. Foreign funds make up a large part of this, especially for office assets. This article is about the future of private equity investment in real estate in India.
Real estate has been traditionally one of the most preferred NRI investment options in India. NRI investment in real estate in India is expected to have grown by 12% in 2022, as per a report by 360 Realtors. For example, large-scale investments in Indian property by UAE and GCC-based non-residents were seen after a major drop in INR value against Dirham recently.
Real estate is one of the most popular NRI investments in India as it not only gives an attractive return on investment, but also makes them feel that they have tangible assets in their home country. NRIs can buy or own a property in India, but they should be aware of legal provisions in the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) for purchasing the immovable property in India. There are rules for NRI investment in real estate in India, including TDS on rental income, restrictions on purchase of agricultural land by NRI, home loans, etc.
Investment in commercial real estate is gaining popularity among investors in India. Both resident and Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are eyeing CRE properties to get attractive returns on investments. While commercial properties are valued above Rs. 20 - 30 cr, individual investors can also buy such assets through fractional ownership (starting from Rs. 25 lakh) or Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) (starting from less than Rs. 50,000). Let’s understand how a Real Estate Investment Trust in India works.